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The purpose of HEOA (Higher Education
Opportunity Act) is to ensure that students have access to affordable course
materials. This will be accomplished by decreasing costs to students and
enhancing transparency at the time of registration with respect to the
selection, purchase, sale, and use of course materials. It is the intent th=
this legislation will encourage all parties - faculty, administration,
publishers, and students - to work together to identify ways to decrease the
cost of college course materials while supporting the academic freedom of
Table of Information for College Bookstores
PURPOSE AND INTEN= T
Text is self
explanatory - This bill affects every college in the
PUBLISHER REQUIRE= MENTS.
1.= Must be sure faculty & other adopters on campus are awar= e of net price, copyright date history, and alternate formats and net prices of those alternates, if any
2.= Bundles must be available in parts, each separately priced, except for integrated textbooks (read the definition of bundles)
1. Course Schedules posted on the internet must have textbook information=
To the maximum ex= tent practicable:
1.= ISBN and Retail Price must be listed on the college's intern= et course schedule or linked from the schedule to another appropriate web si= te such as the bookstore.
2.= If ISBN is not known the author, title, and copyright date m= ust be posted.
3.= If the college determines this information is not available = or posting this information is not practical, then the college must post "to be determined" for any such affected course.
INFORMATION FOR C=
All colleges must supply this information to their bookstore(s):
1.= The course schedule for the next term
2.= The adoption information.
3.= The number of students enrolled
The maximum student enrollment for such course or class.
If a college has =
programs they are encouraged to publicize information about them. =
1.= Available programs for renting textbooks or for purchasing u= sed textbooks;
2.= Available guaranteed textbook buy-back programs; =
3.= Any available institutional alternative content delivery programs; or
4.= Other available cost-saving strategies. = p>
The GAO report mu= st examine and report on:
1.= The availability of textbook information on course schedules= .
2.= have Publishers made pricing information avail= able to faculty.
3.= The use of bundles
4.= The implementation of this law by colleges and the costs and benefits to the institutions and students for doing so.
RULE OF CONSTRUCT= ION
Institutional Aut= onomy and Faculty Academic Freedom to choose books remains unimpeded by this la= w.
NO REGULATORY AUT= HORITY
The Education Department may NOT promulgate any regulations regarding this law as it applies to textbooks. What is written is to be interpreted just as it is written.
<= span style=3D'font-size:7.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>July 1, 2010 (The effective d= ate applies to this section only)
This table was prepared by CACS to
inform members about a federal law. It is not a legal opinion.
''(a) PURPOSE AND INTENT.- The purpose of this section is to ensure
that students have access to affordable course materials by decreasing cost=
students and enhancing transparency and disclosure with respect to the
selection, purchase, sale, and use of course materials. It is the intent of=
section to encourage all of the involved parties, including faculty, studen=
administrators, institutions of higher education, bookstores, distributors,=
publishers, to work together to identify ways to decrease the cost of colle=
textbooks and supplemental materials for students while supporting the acad=
freedom of faculty members to select high quality course materials for
''(b) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
''(1) BUNDLE.-The te=
'bundle' means one or more college textbooks or other supplemental materials
that may be packaged together to be sold as course materials for one price.=
''(2) COLLEGE TEXTBOOK.-The term 'college textbook' means a textbook or a s= et of textbooks, used for, or in conjunction with, a course in postsecondary education at an institution of higher education.
''(3) COURSE SCHEDULE.-The term 'course schedule' means a listing of the courses or classes offered by an institution of higher education for an academic period, as defined by the institution.
''(4) CUSTOM TEXTBOOK.-The term 'custom textbook= '-
''(A) means a college textbook that is
compiled by a publisher at the direction of a faculty member or other perso=
adopting entity in charge of selecting course materials at an institution of
higher education; and
''(B) may include, alone or in combination, items such as selections from original instructor materials, previously copyrighted publisher materials, copyrighted third-party works, and elements unique to a specific institutio= n, such as commemorative editions.
''(5) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.-The
term 'institution of higher education' has the meaning given the term in
''(6) INTEGRATED TEXTBOO= K.-The term 'integrated textbook' means a college textbook that isâ€”
''(A) combined with materials developed b=
third party and that, by third-party contractual agreement, may not be offe=
by publishers separately from the college textbook with which the materials=
''(B) combined with other materials that are so interrelated with the conte= nt of the college textbook that the separation of the college textbook from the other materials would render the college textbook unusable for its intended purpose.
''(7) PUBLISHER.-The term 'publisher' mea=
publisher of college textbooks or supplemental materials involved in or
affecting interstate commerce.
''(8) SUBSTANTIAL CONTENT.-The term 'substantial content' means parts of a college textbook such as new chapters, new material covering additional era= s of time, new themes, or new subject matter.
''(9) SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL.-The term 'supplemen= tal material' means educational material developed to accompany a college textb= ook that-
''(A) may include printed materials, comp=
disks, website access, and electronically distributed materials; and
''(B) is not being used as a component of an integrated textbook.
''(c) PUBLISHER REQUIREMENTS.-
''(1) COLLEGE TEXTBOOK PRICING INFORMATION.-When a publisher provides a faculty member or other person or adopting entity in charge of s= electing course materials at an institution of higher education receiving Federal financial assistance with information regarding a college textbook or supplemental material, the publisher shall include, with any such informati= on and in writing (which may include electronic communications), the following= :
''(A) The price at which the publisher would make the college
textbook or supplemental material available to the bookstore on the campus =
or otherwise associated with, such institution of higher education and, if
available, the price at which the publisher makes the college textbook or
supplemental material available to the public.
''(B) The copyright dates of the three previous editions of such college textbook, if any.
''(C) A description of the substantial content revision= s made between the current edition of the college textbook or supplemental material and the previous edition, if any.
''(D) (i) Whether the college textbook or supplemental material is available in an y other format, including paperback and unbound; and
(ii) for each other format of the college textbook or supplemental material, the price at which the publisher would m= ake the college textbook or supplemental material in the other format available= to the bookstore on the campus of, or otherwise associated with, such institut= ion of higher education and, if available, the price at which the publisher mak= es such other format of the college textbook or supplemental material availabl= e to the public.
''(2) UNBUNDLING OF COLLEGE TEXTBOOKS FROM SUPPLEMENTAL
MATERIALS.-A publisher that sells a college textbook and any supplemental
material accompanying such college textbook as a single bundle shall also m=
available the college textbook and each supplemental material as separate a=
unbundled items, each separately priced.
''(3) CUSTOM TEXTBOOKS.-To the maximum extent practicable, a publisher shall provide the information required under this subsection with respect to the development and provision of custom textbook= s.
''(d) PROVISION OF ISBN COLLEGE TEXTBOOK INFORMATION IN COURSE SCHEDULES= .-To the maximum extent practicable, each institution of higher education receiv= ing Federal financial assistance shall-
''(1) disclose, on the institution's Internet course schedule = and in a manner of the institution's choosing, the International Standard Book Number and retail price information of required and recommended college textbooks and supplemental materials for each course listed in the institution's course schedule used for preregistration and registration purposes, except that-
''(A) if the International Standard Book Number is not availab=
for such college textbook or supplemental material, then the institution sh=
include in the Internet course schedule the author, title, publisher, and
copyright date for such college textbook or supplemental material; and
''(B) if the institution determines that the disclosure of the information described in this subsection is not practicable for a college textbook or supplemental material, then the institution shall so indicate by placing the designation 'To Be Determined' in lieu of the information required under th= is subsection; and
''(2) if applicable, include on the institution's written cour=
schedule a notice that textbook information is available on the institution=
Internet course schedule, and the Internet address for such schedule. =
''(e) AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION FOR COLLEGE BOOKSTORES.- An institution of higher education receiving Federal financial assistance shall make available to a college bookstore that is operated by, or in a contract= ual relationship or otherwise affiliated with, the institution, as soon as is practicable upon the request of such college bookstore, the most accurate information available regarding-
''(1) the institution's course schedule f=
the subsequent academic period; and
''(2) for each course or class offered by the institution for the subsequent academic period-
''(A) the information required by subsect=
(d)(1) for each college textbook or supplemental material required or
recommended for such course or class;
''(B) the number of students enrolled in such course or class; and
''(C) the maximum student enrollment for such course or class. <= /span>
''(f) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.- An institution disclosing the information required by subsection (d)(1) is encouraged to disseminate to students information regarding-
''(1) available institutional programs for renting textbooks or
for purchasing used textbooks;
''(2) available institutional guaranteed textbook buy-back programs;
''(3) available institutional alternative content delivery programs; or
''(4) other available institutional cost-saving strategies.
''(g) GAO REPORT.-Not later than July 1, 2013, the Comptroller General of the United States shall report to the authorizing committees on = the implementation of this section by institutions of higher education, college bookstores, and publishers. The report shall particularly examine-
''(1) the availability of college textbook information on cour=
''(2) the provision of pricing information to faculty of institutions of hi= gher education by publishers;
''(3) the use of bundled and unbundled material in the college textbook marketplace, including the adoption of unbundled materials by faculty and t= he use of integrated textbooks by publishers; and
''(4) the implementation of this section by institutions of higher educatio= n, including the costs and benefits to such institutions and to students.
''(h) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.-Nothing in this section shall be construed to supercede the institutional autono= my or academic freedom of instructors involved in the selection of college textbo= oks, supplemental materials, and other classroom materials.
''(i) NO REGULATORY AUTHORITY.-The Secretary shall not promulgate regulations with respect to this section.''.
(b) EFFECTIVE DATE.-The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on July 1, 2010.
The Higher Education Act (HEA) was originally passed in 1965. The act is subjec= t to reauthorization periodically . The Higher Educat= ion Opportunity Act (HEOA) of 2008 is the most recent reauthorization. Section = 112 is one of the Amendments in HEOA and is now Section 133 of the HEA.<= /p>